Six Types of Tooth Restoration

Tooth restoration is a clinical challenge because of the wide variety of materials and restoration preferences. Shade evaluation and communication are critical to fabricating a lifelike restoration.


A harmonious color match ensures that the treatment blends into the natural teeth. It also helps to make the patient feel confident about his smile.

Composite Fillings

Composite fillings are often used to fix cavities, cracks and chips that occur in teeth. They are durable and fracture-resistant, and they can be shaped to blend with a patient’s tooth color. In addition, they do not contain mercury and do not require the removal of healthy enamel.

The procedure for getting composite resin fillings is simple and comfortable. First, the dentist will remove decayed material from your tooth. Then they will wash and dry the area to ensure that it is clean and ready for the bonding process. Next, the dentist will apply a thin coating of phosphoric acid to the surface of your tooth, which is painless. Then they will begin layering the putty-like composite onto your tooth in increments. Each layer will be cured under a special light before moving on to the next one.

A composite filling may cause some initial sensitivity to hot or cold food, but this should subside as your teeth get used to the material. You should continue to practice good oral hygiene and visit your Putnam general dentist for regular cleanings, to help the longevity of your filling.


Crowns are used to encase damaged, broken and decayed teeth. They can also be used to strengthen and protect teeth that are weakened by root canal treatment or dental trauma. In most cases crowns will be covered by your dental insurance.

Metal crowns are very strong, especially in the back molars. They are often used for these areas because of their ability to withstand chewing forces and the tendency of these teeth to wear down, as well as their resistance to cracking. The main drawback is their metallic colour, which can affect the appearance of your smile.

Before a crown can be placed, the tooth will be filed down to a suitable shape. This will usually result in some sensitivity to hot and cold liquids and foods immediately after the procedure. This is normally remedied by using a toothpaste designed for sensitive teeth. The crown will then be bonded to the existing tooth with permanent dental cement.


Inlays and onlays are used when a dental filling cannot repair decay or damage on the biting surface of a tooth. They are placed in the natural pits and valleys of a molar or premolar to restore their shape and function. They also help to prevent cracks or fractures by re-establishing their strength and seal.

These restorations are made of porcelain or composite resin to match your tooth’s natural color. They are often more durable than direct dental fillings and do not detract from the appearance of your smile.

A patient may feel a slight pain or sensitivity for a few days after having an inlay or onlay placed in their teeth. This is normal. We recommend avoiding hard, sticky or hot foods for the first 48 hours and practicing basic oral care, like brushing twice daily and flossing. These steps can help prevent the need for any additional dental care after your appointment.


A dental onlay is similar to a filling but covers larger cavities. They can help save the tooth from further damage, especially in situations where direct composite restorations might not be suitable. Resin composite inlays and onlays can withstand 50-75% more chewing force than the original teeth, making them more durable than traditional dental fillings. They also look more natural and don’t shrink over time.

To place an onlay, the dentist needs to numb the tooth and remove any decay or damage. Then, they make a mold of the tooth to create an onlay that fits perfectly in the damaged area. This helps ensure a strong and tight fit that prevents bacteria from entering the restoration.

Dental onlays are more expensive than traditional fillings but they provide a long-lasting and aesthetically pleasing solution for damaged teeth. To get the most out of this treatment, it is important to choose a reputable and experienced dentist.


A bridge uses a false tooth in the gap and anchors it with natural teeth on either side. This treatment helps restore both functionality and aesthetics after a tooth is lost. Unlike implants, which require invasive surgeries and bone grafts, dental bridges are a minimally-invasive option.

One of the biggest problems with missing teeth is chewing and speaking properly. This can lead to pain and even jaw damage. With a bridge, these issues are resolved in no time.

Dental bridges also prevent sagging in the soft tissues around the mouth and can even help prevent future teeth loss. They also distribute pressure evenly so that no single natural tooth is exposed to excess force, which can cause further dental problems. Like any other treatment, dental bridges do carry some risks, but with proper care, they can last for a long time without requiring repairs or replacement.


Implants replace missing tooth roots and are capped with an artificial crown that matches the size, shape and color of your teeth. Known as the top restorative dental treatment, implants look, feel and function like natural teeth, making them indistinguishable from your other teeth.

To place an implant, your oral surgeon makes a cut to open your gum and expose the bone. A metal post is placed deep into the bone to serve as a tooth root, and the jawbone heals around it. Depending on the condition of your jawbone, you may need to undergo a procedure called “sinus augmentation,” which raises the sinus floor so that more bone is available to support an implant.

While the surgical site is healing, you should eat soft foods to avoid irritating the implant area. Your oral surgeon will provide you with specific dietary instructions during your recovery period, and you should also refrain from smoking, which can lead to complications.